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Abraham the cause of ALL our troubles?
WHAT is Islam on about? Islam & The Future of the World !
In this four part series Craig Heilman , New Zealand examines the stand off between Islamic terrorists and the countries of the West including Israel. Craig hopes to put the Acts of Violence and Terrorism into context for YOU. November 2002

[ Part 1 ] -The Spiritual Conflict: What is the role of Abraham?

[ Part 2  ] - The Worldview Conflict: What is Islam's worldview?

Part 3  ]- The Religious conflict: What does Islam believe and teach?

[ Part 4  ]- The future Conflict: Will the West survive against the Islamic Jihad?


Who was Abraham? According to the Bible he was a "wandering Aramean' whom God called from Ur of the Chaldees, via Haran, to the "promised" land of Palestine (Genesis 12. 1-9).

The grammar of Genesis 12.1-3, and the promise outlined there are all important. There are 7 promises God makes to Abraham, which are reiterated throughout the rest of Genesis; but in essence the promises devolve down onto three basic principles land, seed (the Hebrew zerah means descendents) and blessing. Each of these principles of promise is important. For example, how could we understand the promise that God will make Abraham into a "great people/nation" (goy gado4 unless he has land? Also, how could he become a great "people" without a descendent and then further descendents? Further, if Abram's name is to become a great" so that he will he a blessing, how ~ this be so unless his "blessing" is for all peoples?

To understand Abraham is to recognize that his story is the central thread running through all history, which explains why, as we stand here at the turn of the 2 1"' century, all people's who claim Abraham as their forefather are fixing bayonets to thrust at one another. It is no accident in my view that the "Christian" West' stands dialogically opposed by the Muslim East, largely because of Israel dwelling in its land, a land that is the navel of the world, where three major continents meet and three major religions have, a vested interest. Only God could have arranged that the central clash of world ideas and cultures would surround one ancient city and that each people would claim one man-Abraham-as its forefather.

To understand Islam, we must know that Islam, Judaism and Christianity all claim to be the children Abraham and thus heirs to his blessing of God. As we shall see later, at stake are the charter rights to the universal blessing of God.

The book of Genesis tells us that Abraham had two important sons: Ishmael, the elder brother, born of a handmaid,

Hagar, and Isaac, the child of promise born to his wife Sarah.

Ishmael *2 was the father of the Arab peoples, and God promises that he will be "a great people/nation" too. Islam is the gospel, if you like, for the Arab peoples, who, according to Mohammed, needed a "book" too, just like Christians and Jews.

Mohammed's Qu'ran (Koran = "recital") is alleged to be a written record of the true Law and Gospel, perverted by "the people of the book" (Jews & Christians), and is especially for Arab peoples, who were pagan pluralists. What the Qu'ran does is to allege that Ishmael is the chosen seed of Abraham, and the religion of Mohammed centers around the Ka'aba at Mecca (Saudi Arabia) where Abraham is said to have made a pilgrimage to visit his son Ishmael, and there, Ishmael and Abraham build an altar together.*3 The Qu'ran also alleges that Ishmael not Isaac was the one to be offered up to God in the Akedah. One cannot miss in this the direct claim to Abraham's blessing.

Judaism, too, of course, makes a causal link at the level of sheer genetic biology-we are Abraham's physical seed through Isaac, the true child of promise.*4 Israel made this claim before Islam did, and therefore has the priority: Abraham's story of blessing was Israel's story long before it was Islam's.

For Christians, however, where the church has for centuries been full of gentile peoples the link to Abraham is more tenuous and is spiritualized. What the New Testament will affirm is that genetic descent from Abraham avails nothing; and this is how Christians will assault Judaism (Islam was not yet invented). John the Baptist himself had said that God "could raise sons to Abraham from the very stones". Paul, too, wifi labour long at showing that the key link one must have to Abraham is to share his faith (e.g. Romans 4; Galatians 3) not his DNA.

The passages in question are.

Galatians 3.6ff- see especially v.7: "those who have faith, these are the sons of Abraham..." and v.14: "that Abraham's blessing might come to the gentiles..." See especially v. 16: the promise to Abraham is to one "seed", who is Jesus Christ. See also v.29: "If you belong to Christ you are Abraham's seed and heirs according to the promise".

Galatians 4.21-31

Romans 4-see especially v. 13: "given the promise that he would be heir of the world ...
Abraham is significant because the promises of the world to come are contingent on, and tied to, him. This is made clear in the whole Bible, but especially by Paul in Romans 4.13: "heir of the world." Wrestling for the blessing of Abraham is spiritual struggle of titanic proportions.

Mohamned knew the Jewish account of Abraham as it was reported on the Arabian Peninsula. He knew full well that Jews claimed a special privilege of relationship in this world and the world to come, because of Abraham's lineage. Still, he purposely chose (or had it revealed to him) to alter the story and argue that Ishmael not Isaac was the child of promise. Did he realize the significance of this? 1 hardly think he didn't; surely a bigoted interest in Arabic race alone did not motivate him because his interest was clearly religious.

This is a titanic spiritual struggle for the heart of God's saving programine for the universe. This becomes clearer when we understand what follows.
This question might appear rather prosaic until we add a rather colourful detail of which St Paul seems to be aware. That detail is that Ishmael persecuted Isaac. The story is in Genesis 21.8-10, but we must note that what Genesis calls "mocking" (21.9 *5),' St Paul calls "persecute". Paul seems to be aware of a Rabbinic tale that Ishmael was an "archer" (21.20) and that he took a bead *6 on Isaac, threatening to kill him.

1 find the Rabbinic tale fascinating in light of current (since 1948) events that have pitted Israel (Isaac's seed) against the Arabs (Ishmael's seed) in three major wars and constant bloodshed.

We should note that Paul allegorizes the Ishmael / Isaac saga (Galatians 4.21-3 1) and gives it spiritual significance, saying that Ishmael represents a "flesh" son of Abraham and Isaac a "spirit" son. Paul equates the "persecution" with the actions of zealot Jews toward gentile Christians, but his language raises the tantalizing possibility of seeing something much deeper in the account; he even mentions Arabia.

Did Ishmael want to kill Isaac ~ to claim the blessing? What does this say about today's events where Islam stands toe to toe with Abraham's physical descendents through Isaac and his spiritual seed (the Church)? *7

We also should not miss that the Qu'ran is almost universally critical of the Jews, in particular, and of Christians, too. Mohammed was involved in the slaying of thousands of Jews in Medina. The Bible shows that the history of the Arab peoples has been as the opponents of the Jews (see, for instance, Geshem the Arab in Nehemiah's days *8 ). History has borne this record out. Men like Osama bin-Laden understand themselves as enemies of Jews and Christians.*9


How legitimate is it to read Genesis 16.9-12 and overlay it upon the Arab peoples and followers of Islam who are not Arab peoples?

The only answer 1 can offer is that there is something spiritual going on in the way God has ordered history in the intertwining stories of Jews, Muslims and Christians. That Abraham lies at its heart gives great significance. My own question that won't go away: why does the Bible give so much time and coverage to Ishmael when he is virtually irrelevant to its story line? Is God forewarning us? And if so, perhaps it is legitimate to read Genesis 16.9-12 in this way.

Further, the Bible does not often waste words, yet it gives a detailed description of Ishmael, almost as if it foresees momentous things in his birth-things of more import than just the facts of Abraham's lifetime would convey.

We should note, too, that the Bible says that Ishmael will "live in hostility towards" *10 all his brothers, but that text can be made to read "to the east of". This is certainly true of Islam. What else in the passage may be true of Islam? *11


The conflict between ISLAM Christianity and Judaism is a spiritual conflict for Abraham's birthright. As such, the struggle is heavenly in nature, being played out on the fields of human affairs but for very high stakes-the control of the universal blessing of God. Islam is trying to wrench it from others who rightly believe they have a claim to it. As we shall see in our next two studies we have every reason to believe Islam has been demonically inspired.
  • The Battle we face is a fearsome battle for God's everlasting blessing.
  • It is a battle that has raged since Abraham's time.
  • It is not a battle against flesh and blood but against spiritual rulers.
  • It is not a battle that can be won with conventional weapons.*12

1 I understand that the West is not "Christian' in the positive sense but in the worldview sense, it is. The West owes much of its intellectual heritage to the Church and Christianity. Most important Western ideas and initiatives can be traced to the Church in some way, shape or form. Islam understands us Westerners as Christian.
*2 It is important to note the Bible's description of Ishmael, the spiritual father of Islam, as it seems to bear out remarkably in terms of current events. It is likely that the claim was made that Mohammed was a descendent of Ishmael.
*3 The pagan religion of ancient Arabia was built around the Ka'aba, where a scared meteorite (black) stone was venerated. That stone is still part of Islamic worship and is venerated at the great Mosque at Mecca. That stone is said to be the remnant stone of the altar Ishmael and Abraham built.
*4 The Bible makes a great point of the fact that Isaac not Ishmael is the chosen seed (see especially Genesis 17.17-2 1, which was written long before Mohammed's time or before Islam was even thought of).
*5 The verb used is a piel participle that resembles the name of Yitschaq-metsacheq. We should note that when the vowel points are removed the two words look like this: Further, we should not miss v. 10, where Sarah raises the issue of "inheritance".
*6 The verb tsachaq generally would refer to laughter, mocking and derision.
*7 Currently, 3,000 Christians are martyred every 4 days in Muslim countries. We must also include the suicide bombings in Israel in this discussion, and we must allow that for whatever reason, historically speaking, God has allowed the Western peoples to maintain the home of Christianity.
*8 E.g. Nehemiah 6. 1
*9 Osama bin-Laden refers often in his speeches to Jews and Crusaders, i.e. Christians (= USA).
*10 Literally "against the faces of," which could mean "to their cast".
*11 See Genesis 25. 1 8, too. The preceding verses explain the Ishmaelite geography, too.
*12 In saying this, however, we should not be naive or blind. Temporal authorities have the right to use force in just war. Too many Christians give the 'pat' answer that military might will fail against Islam. What kind of world would we live in if Islam were the only superpower or had nuclear weapons? We must accept why it is that God has seen fit to give the kindly (= Christianized) west cultural hegemony at the end of the age.

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